Carl Beam (1943-2005)
Carl Beam (May 24, 1943 – July 30, 2005)
Carl Beam’s life and his art practice spanned cultures. His unique artwork combines imagery and elements of the modern world with symbols and traditions of historic Indigenous culture, uniting modern techniques within a work. He opened a door, whereby Indigenous Art could become contemporary art and led generations of artists through that door. Carl Beam raised the profile of the Indigenous Peoples, as full participants in the international dialogue of contemporary art.
Carl Beam (1943-2005)
Carl Beam was born at West Bay on Manitoulin Island, Ontario in 1943. As a young man he found work at a sawmill in British Columbia, where he found time to paint and create his artwork. Carl enrolled in the University of Victoria in 1976, graduated with his Bachelor of Fine Arts, and did his post-graduate work at the University of Alberta. Returning to Manitoulin Island he taught at the Ojibwa Cultural Foundation. His travels took him to New Mexico and Arizona, the Southwest United States and he spent several years in Toronto and Peterborough in the mid 1980s.
Beam’s unique artwork combines imagery and elements of the modern world with symbols and traditions of historic Indian culture. His imagery holds the constant context of European and Native Indian contact, his art plays on the position of Anishinaabe native principles against Western ideologies; the Anishinaabe world view recognizes the interconnectedness and equality of all living things. Carl admired wisdom of all kinds and respected all sources of knowledge, seeking a balance in his own life.
Reoccurring symbols and images include the raven (the trickster figure in Native North American teachings), a bird’s anatomy, a running elk, the turtle, whales, Christian icons, family photos and portraits of freedom fighters and warriors, such as J.F Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., Geronimo and Sitting Bull, Johnny Cash, anthropologists and even Jennifer Lopez have appeared in his works. The collage construction of his work creates complex new meanings and systems of iconography that will often invert and distort the original meanings implied. The images are Beam’s devices to gauge society; they act as semiotic codes to identify core human values and concerns with power spirituality and the environment. His work exposes the faults and imperfections of our social society and realities in the world around us, yet weaves hopefulness and possibilities into the morality of humanity.
His wide-range of juxtaposed images are executed in various media formats; watercolour and pencil-crayon, acrylic and graphite on plexiglass and plywood, coloured Xerox copies and mixed media, photo-emulsion and acrylics on paper or canvas and zinc plate prints.
Beam has been described as kind and intense, he embodied and lived the intellectually stimulating, thought-provoking manners of his art, which he claimed was made for thinking people.
Carl Beam’s piece “The North American Iceberg” (1985), was the first piece of contemporary Native Canadian artwork to be purchased by the National Gallery of Canada. Carl Beam became a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 2000. In 2005 he was honoured with the Governor General’s Award in Visual and Media Arts for his innovative work and his persistent will in holding a placement for Aboriginal artists within the mainstream of the contemporary Canadian art scene. He passed away at the age of 62 in West Bay on Manitoulin Island.
Albright-Knox Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario
Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, Ontario
The Canadian Museum of History, Hull, Quebec (formerly the Canadian Museum of Civilization)
The City of Buffalo, New York
The City of Revelstoke, British Columbia
The City of Sudbury, Ontario
Gallery 480, Elora, Ontario
Government of Ontario Art Collection, Sudbury, Ontario
Heard Museum, Phoenix, Arizona
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Hull, Quebec
Laurentian University Museum and Arts Centre, Sudbury, Ontario
London Regional Art Gallery and Historical Museum, London, Ontario
McMichael Canadian Art Gallery, Kleinburg, Ontario
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
Native Canadian Centre, Toronto, Ontario
New College, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
Ojibwe Cultural Centre, West Bay, Ontario
Peel Regional Museum, Brampton, Ontario
Rodman Hall Art Centre, St. Catherine’s, Ontario
Thunder Bay Art Gallery, Thunder Bay, Ontario
Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia
Wilfred Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario
Woodland Cultural Centre, Brantford, Ontario
“My works are like little puzzles, interesting little games. I play a game of dreaming ourselves as each other. In this we find out that we’re basically human. My work is not fabricated for the art market. There’s no market for intellectual puzzles or works of spiritual emancipation.” Allan J. Ryan – The Trickster Shift